The Special Education Process
Referral is the process by which a student with possible educational needs is brought to the attention of the special education staff for consideration of testing/evaluation to determine if the child needs special education to be successful. A referral can be made by any person who knows the child and feels that s/he is having academic difficulty that could be addressed by special education and related services.
2. Evaluation in Special Education
Under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), each public agency shall ensure that a full and individual evaluation is conducted for each child being considered for special education and related services to determine if the child is a child with a disability and to determine the educational needs of the child. The evaluation results are later used to develop the child's Individual Education Plan (IEP), if appropriate.
The EVALUATION REPORT shall include, but not be limited to:
- the results of each evaluation procedure, test, record, or report
- a written summary of the findings of the procedure, test, record, and/or report
- information regarding the parent/guardian's rights of appeal
- description of the parent/guardian's right to an independent educational evaluation
Click here to see TYPES OF EVALUATIONS/ASSESSMENTS
- Are selected and administered so as not to be discriminatory on a racial or cultural basis;
- Include those tailored to assess specific areas of educational need and not merely those that are designed to provide a single intelligence quotient;
- Are provided and administered in the child's native language or other mode of communication (unless it is not feasible to do so);
- Have been validated for the specific purpose for which they are used;
- Are administered by trained and knowledgeable personnel in accordance with any instructions provided by the producer of the tests;
- Are selected and administered so as best to ensure that if a test is administered to a child with impaired sensory, manual, or speaking skills, the test results accurately reflect the child's aptitude, achievement level or other factors the tests are meant to measure, rather than reflecting the child's impaired sensory, manual, or speaking skills (unless those are what is being measured).
3. Determination of Eligibility
Determination of eligibility for special education and related services is conducted by a multidisciplinary committee of persons who are familiar with the child. The committee considers the evaluation data, the placement options, and all other significant factors relating to the student's learning process.
4. The Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
An Individual Education Plan (IEP) is a written document that describes the intended education of an educationally disabled child that has been developed by a school district in accordance with rules adopted by the State Board of Education and that provides necessary special education and educationally related services within an approved program.
Placement refers to a child's educational plan. Under IDEA, a student's placement may be any combination of special and general educational settings, as long as it is in the least restrictive environment possible.
Last Modified on 10/6/2009 9:06:56 AM